What are the Software Development Team Roles and Responsibilities

Software Development Team structure

Software development team roles include more than just developers and a project manager; they can be defined as tight knots of various skills required for a specific project phase and held by multiple specialists.

A software development team structure is the backbone of an IT project. Top management must understand that having enough team members who are well-managed and trained leads to the success of an IT project.

If you’re new to software development, you might not realize what each team member does when creating custom software. So, let’s read on to understand software development team roles and responsibilities.

Breaking Down Software Development Team Roles And Responsibilities

Successful development projects necessitate careful planning, a talented team, and the collaboration of both internal and external project team members (client representatives).

Depending on your technical partner, the number of people working on your software project may vary. As per Rebel’s Guide To Project Management, almost 40% of project teams have 6 to 10 members. When key team members are in place, software projects move forward successfully.

In general, a project team certainly includes some or all of the following software development roles:

  • Business analyst
  • Project manager
  • UX designer
  • UI designer
  • Developers
  • Quality assurance specialist
  • DevOps engineer

Let’s figure out who’s who and who’s accountable for what.

1. Business Analyst (BA)

Some people believe that business analysts exist solely to make money for the company. However, in most business scenarios today, this is not the case. A skilled business analyst can help a company move toward productivity, efficiency, and profitability.

Responsibilities (tasks) of Business Analyst

  • Determine market opportunities
  • Learn about, analyze, and report on user trends.
  • Identify potential adoption issues and provide solutions.
  • Assist clients in developing a strong product vision.
  • Gather functional and technical requirements, plan them, document them, and prioritize them.

Their role (position) in software development team:

In the software development team structure, BAs act as a liaison between a business model and the product being developed. They analyze business requirements and translate them into development tasks that are easy to understand. BAs assist businesses in analyzing existing processes, defining steps and functions to improve those processes, designing new features, products, or services, and assessing the impact of new implementations.

2. Project Manager

When all stakeholders are involved in the project, your chances of success increase dramatically. Throughout the development process, there is a massive flow of information. As a result, clear, timely, and effective team communication is critical.

Responsibilities of project managers:

  • Include all project stakeholders.
  • Plan and monitor projects to avoid budget overruns.
  • Identify, assess, and mitigate potential risks.
  • Maintain software development organizational structure to reach its full potential.
  • Set reasonable deadlines and keep track of them.
  • Clients should be informed of their progress and performance.

Their role in software development team:
The project manager is in charge of a project’s development, organization, and delivery. They divide it into modular sections and design the workflow. They delegate tasks to the team and are in charge of contracts, budgets, and timelines.

3. User Experience Designer

The first thing you should understand about UI/UX designers is that user experience (UX) and user interface (UI) design are two distinct but interconnected concepts. The UI is the product’s visual component, whereas the UX is how users interact with the product.

Responsibilities of UX Designers

  • Define target users and their problems, identify the core goals of a business, and examine how user problems and business goals align.
  • In the UX design process, find out what your target users want and don’t want.
  • Analyze research data and visually present it using user personas and user journey maps.
  • Create the design with visuals such as site maps, user flows, mockups, and wireframes.
  • Work with the development team to make the design a real working product.

Their role in software development team:
When you want to understand your users, their problems, and their needs, you must have a good UX designer in your software development team. This specialist’s primary focus is on product usability and functionality.

4. UI Designers

Through graphic and branding design, UIs constantly ensure that every element of a product is easily accessible, understandable, and clear. In general, user interface (UI) connects user interactions, visual design, and information architecture.

Responsibilities of UI Designer:

  • Collect, research, and evaluate user requirements
  • Create user interface elements (layouts, menus, scroll bars, buttons, navigation components, and so on) in accordance with design best practices.
  • Create designs and present them to the client and developers.
  • Assist the development and QA teams in ensuring that design features are implemented as planned.

Their role in software development team:
A UI designer is required to create a custom user interface. Someone who can sketch (with whatever tools they have) and is skilled at transforming ideas into mockups and prototypes is someone you should consider hiring. A UI designer assumes and anticipates what users can and cannot do with a product, as well as what they require, expect, and see.

5. Developers

The developer role appears to be the most straightforward. Developers are in charge of actually creating the product. However, their job usually entails more than just coding.

Responsibilities of developers:

  • Collaborate with the client to understand their project goals, needs, and requirements in order to develop effective technical solutions.
  • Design functional code in collaboration with the development team (particularly front-end developers).
  • Design the app’s architecture.
  • Create user-facing functionality.
  • Create APIs to help with functionality.
  • Create user interfaces and unit tests
  • Create and maintain the app’s back-end functionality.
  • Optimize the app for maximum performance.
  • Put in place strong data security mechanisms.
  • Create and design data storage solutions
  • Backend testing and debugging

Their role in software development team:
The software team structure may include junior, mid, and senior developers, depending on experience level. In larger projects, different levels of experience are frequently found within software development teams. Junior programmers can help the rest of the team by assisting with simpler tasks, freeing up more senior developers to work on more complex coding.

6. Quality Assurance (QA) Specialists

A QA specialist is an essential member of the development team. A QA is in charge of ensuring that quality standards are consistently met before the final version of the product is delivered to the intended user.

But why would you require a separate individual to perform quality testing? A QA provides numerous benefits to businesses, including increased productivity, lower costs (because issues can be detected and fixed earlier), improved app security, and measure progress.

Responsibilities of QA specialists:

  • Find bugs and issues with development before users do.
  • Keep usability, performance, portability, and security in mind.
  • Ascertain that the product meets the needs of the client and is ready for use.
  • Examine technical design documents, as well as quality specifications and requirements.
  • Supervise debugging
  • Provide solutions to identified problems.
Their role in software development:

The QA Engineer is in charge of developing tools that allow for the automation of processes that verify software quality. Their goal is to ensure project quality at the process level. QA team structure in software engineering can have a Quality Assurance Lead responsible for establishing proper relationships among QA team members, assisting in conflict resolution, and encouraging good teamwork.

7. DevOps engineers

DevOps engineers are involved in a set of practices that integrate software development and IT operations. Its enables businesses to remove the barrier between development and operations, allowing projects to run smoothly.

Having a DevOps engineer on your team allows you to automate processes, accelerate and improve project delivery, and implement changes on time and effectively.

Responsibilities of DevOps engineers:

  • Create a work environment
  • Configure staging and development servers.
  • Install applications
  • Troubleshoot

Their role in software development:
The DevOps engineer is not only the foundation of your DevOps culture but also a valuable link between different teams that will facilitate collaboration, increase productivity, and bring DevOps to its full potential in your organization.

Build Software Development Teams with Attention

A software development team’s specialists are critical to the project’s success. They must be skilled, adaptable, and eager to collaborate, and exchange knowledge and perspectives. The size of the team is unimportant, but the quality of the output is. Remember to specify what and how many specialists you require for a specific project now that you’ve read this article.

Hiring a custom software development company can help you build an ideal software development team without spending too much effort.

Our experts can help you understand what team structure will suit your project. Connect with us and discuss your requirements.


1. How do team roles and responsibilities differ?

The position of a team member is referred to as their role. The tasks and duties of their particular role or job description are referred to as their responsibilities.

2. What advantages do functional roles and responsibilities provide?

Creating functional roles and responsibilities increases team efficiency while also increasing productivity and morale.

3. How can roles and responsibilities be developed?

Determine what needs to be done, identify strengths and weaknesses, review a team member’s job description, and then solicit feedback.

Book a Free consultation

Drop in your details and our analyst will be in touch with you at the earliest.


6565 N MacArthur Blvd, STE 225 Irving, Texas, 75039, United States